KPPU regularly produce a number of reports and studies related to competition policy and law in Indonesia. The following documents are endorsed to increase awareness on the development of competition policy and law as well as to show the world how we developed for years.


Digital Platform Regulation: PROSPERA Policy Brief (2019)

This policy brief examines digital platform issues, and what this could mean for competition policy; and how other economies are looking at these issues, and what some of the emerging practices are in relevant areas. To download the full paper, please follow this link.


The Digital Economy in Indonesia (2017)

The report attempts to understand some of the emerging, digital economy issues in Indonesia and their impact on competition. It explains how digital services contribute to economic growth and employment, identifies key issues that may arise from the delivery of digital services, provides examples of Indonesia’s approach to the issue, provides best practices from international organisations and different countries in approaching the issue and identify strategies to promote the digital economy. To download the full paper, please follow this link.


2015 KSP Port and Logistic Consulting: A Project Supporting Indonesian Fari Trade System Improvement (2015)

As an archipelago nation with more than 18,000 islands, Indonesia conceived that an efficient operation of maritime transportation and ports are important.But the lack of competition in this sector was considered to be a major cause behind the port inefficiency and high logistic cost in Indonesia. This report was produced by Knowledge Sharing Program (KSP) Korea incooperation with KPPU, which aim to review effects of the Terminal Operating Company (TOC) system that applied in Busan Port, Korea, as well as background for its introduction and to draw implications to Indonesia based on relevant cases. The TOC system turned the existing government-owned and -operated port system into the government-ownned, privated-operated one, in order to promote competition within the port. This study deeply analized the current state of Indonesian and Korean ports and logistics. To download the full paper, please follow this link.


Mainstreaming of Business Competition Policy in Indonesia (2013)

This study looked into the mainstreaming of competition policy into the economic development policy framework in Indonesia, and provide recommendations to enhance its effectiveness. The report underlines the importance of the mainstreaming competition policy by presenting illustrations of emerging competition issues in several services sectors. To download the full paper, please follow this link.


OECD Reviews of Regulatory Reform on Indonesia – Section on Competition Law and Policy (2012)

This background report on Competition Law and Policy in Indonesia analyses the institutional set-up and use of policy instruments in Indonesia. It was peer reviewed by the Competition Committee on 13 June 2012, with the participation of officials of the government of Indonesia, and concludes with policy options for consideration by the government of Indonesia. To download the full paper, please follow this link.


Merger Remedies according to Indonesian Competition Law and It’s Implementing Regulation (2011)

Remedies are fundamental aspects of merger enforcement. It may determine the success of competition enforcement through defining best approach to control market structure and maintain fair competition in the relevant industries. We some called it structural and conduct remedies. The choice of both approaches is debatable and quite tricky for most competition authority.  To download the full paper, please follow this link.


Competition in Indonesian Ports and Port Services (2011)

As an archipelagic state, seaports are strategic transportation infrastructure points for Indonesia. This is because seaports are not only serving as domestic and international sea transportation points, but they are also related to Indonesian social, politic, security and defence aspects. The products provided by seaport operators are generally related to services used by shipping companies and goods consignors/consignees. In addition to that, seaport operators also interact with terminal operators and also relevant service providers. This paper is aimed at describing briefly the profile of seaport and seaport terminal operations in Indonesia as well as the aspects related to business competition. To download the full paper, please follow this link.


Promoting Compliance with Competition Law (2011)

Compliance with competition law constitutes the basic requirement for achieving the main objectives of competition law enforcement in a country. Compliance is expected to decrease potential violations – thus eventually creating a fair business climate – which is beneficial for consumers, or in other words it can enhance public welfare. Business actors’ compliance with competition law can be actualized by appropriate sanctions, particularly sanctions in the form of penalty or confinement. Compliance is also evident from the number of cases or the number of leniency applications. However, it needs to be admitted that these various efforts may not have been optimal in creating compliance effect among business actors. The purpose of this article is to review the existing conditions in Indonesia, along with various endeavors which may be applied with the aim of improving business actors’ compliance, given the limited authority of the competition agency. To download the full paper, please follow this link.


Impact Evaluation on Competition Case (2011)

Currently, an in-depth quantitative evaluation has been conducted by the commission on the impacts of the commission’s decision related to the case of short text message (SMS) rate cartel by several telephone operators in Indonesia, which was pronounced on June 16, 2008. It is stated in the decision that six telephone operators in Indonesia were proven to have been involved in a cartel of SMS rates causing losses to consumers amounting up to Rp2.827 trillion (USD 332.6 million1). Such amount was calculated based on the difference between the revenues based on the cartel price and the revenues based on the competitive price of off-net SMS. The impacts of the decision were evaluated in 2010 by the KPPU in cooperation with University of Indonesia. This written submission will explain issues and results related to this evaluation. To download the full paper, please follow this link.


The Econometric Approach in Measuringthe Relationship of Competition and Consumer Welfare (2011)

This is a survey report produced by the University of Indonesia incorporation with Japan International Cooperation Agency and the KPPU. The main objectives of this survey are to measure the effect of KPPU’s Verdict on the competition in text messaging services and to estimate the impact of increasing comnpetition in text messaging services towards consumer welfare (or surplus). Please follow this link to download the full report.


UNCTAD Peer Review Report on Indonesia (2009)

This document consist of comprehensive analysis by UNCTAD on every aspect of Indonesian competition law and policy. The aspect will include the regulations, enforcement, and institution with balanced consideration, both the weakness and its advantage. Please follow this link to download the mentioned document.